How to do CPR on Children
In the CPR world, and infant is 0-12 months and a child is 1-8 years old.
- If after shouting the victim’s name and tapping the child’s shoulder or baby’s foot and they do not respond, lay them on their back face up on a firm, flat surface after calling emergency services.
- Kneel next to the victim. For a small child one to eight years old, place one hand on center of their chest. For an infant, place two fingers slightly below the nipple line, still centered.
- Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute. Press hard enough that the chest compresses at least two inches for a child and 1.5 inches for an infant. Allow the chest to rise fully before the next push.
- Remove your hand and prepare to give two rescue breaths. Open the airway using the head tilt/chin lift method. An infant’s head can remain in a neutral position. With one palm on the forehead, and the other lifting the chin, cover the child’s mouth with your own, ensuring a seal, and exhale a one second breath. For an infant, cover both the nose and mouth with your own.
- Watch to see if the chest rises and give a second rescue breath.
- If the chest does not rise, check the victims airway again with the head tilt/chin lift method and give the second rescue breath.
- Reposition your body and give 30 chest compressions.
- Repeat the 30-2-30 cycle until the victim breaths on their own, an AED becomes available to use, a trained professional arrives, or you are too exhausted to continue.
Woman rotating between two fingered chest compressions and rescue breathing on an infant. Man rotating between one handed chest compressions and rescue breathing on a small child.
Before You Begin CPR
- Check the scene for safety
- Check for responsiveness and breathing
- If unresponsive, gasping, or not breathing, call 911 and yell for help
- Lay the person face up on a firm, flat surface
Stay Calm: If you are untrained and afraid to do CPR, remember it is always better to try than to do nothing, doing something could save someone's life.
Hand Position: Place the heel of one hand on the breastbone in the center of the chest. Place your other hand directly on top and interlace your fingers.
Body Position: Position your shoulders directly over your hands and lock your elbows to keep your arms straight.
Speed: Aim for 100-120 compressions per minute. You can sing the song "Stayin Alive" by the Bee Gees to keep up the proper tempo.
Strength: Press firmly, compress at least two inches down and allow the chest to fully rise before pressing again, keeping your hands flush with the chest.